What is fibromyalgia?

Table of Contents

Fibromyalgia is a chronic disease characterized by symptoms such as widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, insomnia, mood changes and sensitivity. It is characterized by widespread body aches that often feel like being “punched” or “squeezed”.

The exact cause is unknown, but it is generally thought to be caused by a combination of nervous system disorders, stress, genetic factors and environmental factors. Fibromyalgia can negatively affect quality of life, lead to difficulties with daily activities and can sometimes be accompanied by depression and anxiety.

Fibromyalgia is diagnosed by assessing symptoms and tenderness. Treatment is usually focused on relieving symptoms. Physical activity, stress management, medication and sometimes therapy are used to manage symptoms. Because each patient is different, treatment must be individualized.

What causes fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is a poorly understood disease and the exact causes are not clearly known. However, a number of factors are thought to trigger fibromyalgia or worsen symptoms:

  1. Genetic Predisposition: Family history may increase the risk of fibromyalgia. Some genetic factors are thought to play a role in the development of the disease.
  2. Nervous System Disorders: Fibromyalgia has been linked to disturbances in nervous system regulation. A possible factor is that the nerves do not process pain signals correctly or are overly sensitive.
  3. Stress and Trauma: Severe physical or emotional stress can worsen or trigger fibromyalgia symptoms. Injuries, surgeries or traumatic events can trigger the development of fibromyalgia.
  4. Infections: Some infections can cause or worsen the symptoms of fibromyalgia. However, there is no clear evidence that a direct infection triggers fibromyalgia.
  5. Hormonal Factors: Changes in hormone levels or hormonal imbalances can affect fibromyalgia symptoms. Especially in some women, symptoms can be associated with hormonal changes.

Multiple factors are thought to be involved in the development of fibromyalgia. However, it is still not clear exactly how these factors interact or how the disease develops. Research shows that the disease has a complex etiology and that different factors play a role in different individuals.

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Uzm. Dr. Burak Aydın

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